Weimar Republic Golden Years Essay Examples
1925-1929 as the Time of Economic and Political Stability in the Weimar Republic
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1925-1929 as the Time of Economic and Political Stability in the Weimar Republic
The years 1925-1929 were described as the Golden Years for Germany. There were no attempts to over throw the government like the Sparticist uprising or the Kapp Putsch, therefore undoubtedly it was the best years compared to the problems before and after the Golden Years. The way the golden years were perceived would indicate to what extent were the years 1925 to1929 a time of economic and political stability for the Weimar Republic. There were developments in Germanyduring the Golden Years in the following essay we will learn where the developments took place and whether they disadvantaged Germany or helped her…show more content…
Due to an increase in social welfare spending, local authorities took advantages and used loans to embark on vast public housing schemes. The balance of trade was an economic indicator of the stability.
Unfortunately for the economy of Germany the successfulness of the country was largely supported by foreign funding. Although this gave Germany stability it was not a secure way to live, if any communication went wrong with another country, then that country would stop funding. Also to Germany's disadvantage, the funds could be withdrawn at short notice. As the country was economically becoming more stable, the public spending was increasing which was not good as the money in the country was coming from loans.
Although export production was stronger than before, they had been accompanied by a wave of imports which caused a trade deficit; the country was importing more than it was exporting which meant trading was unbalanced.
In the early 1920s there was unemployment however by they end of the 1920s the unemployment numbers had increased, one of the main reasons being because trade unions were successful in winning wage increases for their members. Although it benefited those with increase wages, it caused problems for the entire national community. As a result of
1924-29 as a Golden Age for the Weimar Republic
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1924-29 as a Golden Age for the Weimar Republic
The 1920's were a time of uproar and fear for many Germans. As well as
having to come to terms with the loss of the war and also the losses
imposed by the Treaty of Versailles, Germans had to cope with
political and economic problems such as the rebellions of the 1919and
1920 and then inflation of 1923. The inflation of 1923 had destroyed
people's savings, so there was little money in Germanyitself for
investment. In 1924, through the Dawes plan, Germany was lent
800million marks by the USA to invest in industry and trade. The
economy began to recover. In 1928 industrial production finally
exceeded pre First World war levels. By 1930 Germany was one of the
worlds leading exporters of manufactured goods. However, the German
economy still had serious weaknesses as it depended on American loans
which could be withdrawn at any time; also unemployment was a serious
problem. The economy could well have been growing but it wasn't
creating jobs fast enough for Germany's rising population. Another
problem was that Employers complained about the money the government
spent on welfare benefits for the poor and unemployed. They said taxes
were too high. There were extremes of wealth and poverty in Germany.
Yet out of this time of tension came some exciting art and culture
through Europe. Throughout the 1920's Berlin challenged Paris as
cultural capital of Europe, with new and significant developments in
painting, architecture, cinema design and many other fields. This did
not help the reputation of the Weimar republic, however in the eyes if
the right wing critics, its artists were declining traditional German
Before the war most German art had been detached from everyday life.
In contrast most Weimar artists tried to show everyday life, they
wanted to be understood by ordinary people, and they believed that art
should comment on the society of the time. This new approach was given
the name 'Neue Sachlichkeit' or 'new objective' because artists tried
to portray society in an objective way.
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This was a golden age for cinema with its best-known director Fritz
Lang producing epic films such as Metropolis, which was the most
technically advanced film of the decade. This suggested Germany had
capabilities to follow big countries and achieve a boom in the
economy, as this had already worked for the USA at this time. It would
also give Germany a lot of Reputation.
A new group of architects and designers emerged called the Bauhaus.
They designed anything from chairs built in cupboards and cigarette
kiosks to town halls and enormous housing estates. Their slogan was
'art and technology a new unity'. Their approach was very different
from elaborate and decretive style pf pre war Germany.
Theatre and opera had long attracted large audiences in Germany, but
most performances were of classical works. In the 1920s these gave way
to Zeittheater and Zeitoper, literally theatre and opera 'of the
time'. These works were set in society of the time and included
Berlin became famous for its nightlife. Alongside the theatre and the
cinemas was a vibrant nightclub scene with daring floor shows. This
obviously attracted public from other sides of the country especially
to the city. This would have generated more publicity and therefore
many would have known of Germany's culture life.
All these different lives that opened up gave impression Germany was a
very vibrant and creative society. However as with so many other
features of Weimar Germany, there was tension and conflict just below
the surface. On the whole the daring lifestyle and ideas which
characterised 1920's Berlin were not to be found in other parts of
Germany, where people were shocked by liberal attitudes. Berlin was
seen as sleazy corrupt and sex obsessed.
By the 1930s many of the artists featured had been forced to flee from
Germany, despised or threatened by the Nazis.
Using my own knowledge I know that the Weimar Republic had believed in
Individualism similarly to the Americans at this time to generate a
better Germany, however Nazis were against the idea of Individualism
and believed they had to get rid of it, the Nazis were a very dominant
force and had gained vast support following the ideas that
individualism was wrong. This is how many of these artists were forced
to flee among the hatred they faced.
Therefore during the Weimar 1924-29 period it wasn't as it all seemed.
It wasn't necessary a golden age as the vibrant culture didn't gain
much support. Although Berlin had established itself as the cultural
capital it did not have the full support of its own people which led
to the collapse of this. It wasn't as strong. So what the Weimar saw
as an exciting and creative place, the public and foreigners saw as
rotten and corrupt.